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The government is not and will not be involved in mass surveillance Home Secretary Theresa May told the joint committee of the draft investigatory powers bill. 
 “We will have a more targeted approach” rather than dealing with large volumes of data, May told a cross party committee scrutinising the governments draft investigatory powers bill.

May told the committee she had limited the purposes for which communications records could be used for, in the proposed legislation.
Coffee shops and libraries could be served warrants
It would be possible for security services or law enforcement agencies, to serve warrants on coffee shops, libraries or small businesses offering Wi-Fi services, May revealed during questioning.
“I do not think it would be right for us to exclude any networks,” she told MPs and Peers.
She said retention orders would be looked at on a case by case basis and there was no intention to set a size of limit to the size of organisation that could be served with a warrant.
She said a small Communication Service Provicer (CSP) may cover a particular geographical area or niche so it “may be helpful if a notice was served.”
The would be cost recovery and discussions with small providers such as coffee shops, and they would have a right of appeal, she said.
In earlier evidence, Vodafone, EE and 02 said they would not have the capacity to store the data the government wished to collect.
They said it would cost far more for them to collect the public’s communications records than the total £247 million subsidies the government was prepared to pay.
“We have not just plucked figure out of the air. We are talking to them how this can be provided, and they have been responsive,” she said.
“I believe the discussions we’ve had show the technical feasibility and ability to deliver,” she told MPs and peers.
Government will not ask for encyrption keys
The Home Secretary said there were no plans to change the legal rule about encryption or to require CSPs to hand over private encryption keys.
“When a warrant is lawfully served on them there is an expectation of them that they can take reasonable steps on that warrant.”
That meant internet and phone companies should provide data in a form law enforcement and security services can read, she said. “We are not saying to them to give us keys to their encryption.”

Lord Strasburger asked if there was ever a time when bulk powers, which include mass interference or hacking computer systems, and scooping up data from people who had not committee a crime, were proportionate.
She said there were times when it was, and the government complied with EU rules on that matter. The government would not collect all the data all of the time, she said.
“We believe our current regime is compliant with EU law, and the regime we are brining forward will be within EU law,” she said.
Former NSA technical director Bill Binney had previously given the committee warnings in data were missed because analysts “were drowning in the volume,” Lord Strassburger’s told the committee.

The Home Secretary that bulk communication is sometimes the only means to obtain data, but it was not only collected “in an untargeted way”
“You can’t look for the needle in the haystack unless you’ve got the haystack,” she said.
She rejected Lord Strassburger’s description of the move as “mass surveillance.”
“The UK does not undertake mass surveillance – we have not and we do not,” she told the hearing.
However there could be cases where bulk equipment interference could be necessary. she said

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