Earlier today, a friend of mine notified me of something strange going on with his Facebook account; a message containing only an image (an .svg file in reality) had been sent automatically, effectively bypassing Facebook’s file extension filter:
What is an .svg file? From Wikipedia:
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
The SVG specification is an open standard developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) since 1999.
Copy of file on Pastebin here
It’s a heavily obfuscated script, which, after opening, redirected you to the following website:
A website purporting to be Youtube, wih a video from Facebook – of course, you needed to install an additional extension to view it :)The extension has no icon and thus seems invisible, additionally it can do the following:
Currently, I’m not exactly sure what this extension is supposed to do beside spreading itself automatically via Facebook, but likely it downloads other malware to your machine.One of my security colleagues had in fact noticed similar behavior and got ransomware (Locky) as payload:
— peterkruse (@peterkruse) November 20, 2016
The extensions’ description can be one of the following, and seem semi-random. Note that other variations are possible:
One ecavu futolaz corabination timefu episu voloda
Ubo oziha jisuyes oyemedu kira nego mosetiv zuhum
The Facebook security team as well as Google Chrome’s store security team have been notified.RemovalRemove the malicious extension from your browser immediately:
Additionally, run a scan with your antivirus and change your Facebook password afterwards.Notify your friends you sent a malicious file, or in the other case, let your friend know he/she is infected.
If you keep receiving the same message from your friend, you may want to temporarily block their messages.ConclusionAs always, be wary when someone sends you just an ‘image’ – especially when it is not how he or she would usually behave.Additionally, even though both Facebook and Google have excellent security controls/measures in place, something bad can always happen.For those interested, all related files have been uploaded to VirusTotal, and their hashes and domains can be found, as always, on AlienVault’s OTX:Nemucod downloader spreading via Facebook