Enlarge / WASHINGTON, DC – MARCH 13: US President Donald J.

Trump (C) delivers brief remarks before signing an executive order entitled, ‘Comprehensive Plan for Reorganizing the Executive Branch’, beside members of his Cabinet in the Oval Office of the White House on March 13, 2017 in Washington, DC. (credit: Michael Reynolds-Pool | Getty Image)
Yesterday, the Trump administration released its first proposed budget outline. While this is just the first step in what will inevitably be extensive negotiations with Congress, it gives a clear indication of what Trump’s priorities are.

First and foremost, he is focused on the military, which will see a $54 billion increase in spending, offset by cuts or wholesale elimination of programs elsewhere.
Science is clearly not a priority, as it is repeatedly targeted for cuts in every agency that funds it.
But those cuts aren’t evenly distributed. NASA’s budget is almost entirely unscathed, although Earth sciences research funded by the agency will be cut to expand funding elsewhere.

The National Science Foundation, a major source of grants for fundamental research, isn’t even mentioned, so there’s no sense of how it will fare.

And the harshest cuts appear to be directed at biomedical research, which will see a dramatic 20 percent drop in funding for the National Institutes of Health.
NIH hammered
For fiscal year 2018, the president’s budget calls for a $15.1 billion cut to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), a decrease of almost 18 percent.

The proposed cuts to NIH would see the research agency lose $5.8 billion, dropping its budget from $31 billion to just $25.9 billion.
Structural changes make the effective cuts closer to $6.3 billion, or over 20 percent.

That would mean the smallest biomedical science budget since 2002.

The real-world impact would be far greater, as biomedical research costs are increasing much faster than the rate of inflation.
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