German Archaeological Institute

The monumental rock pillars of Göbekli Tepe date back over 11,000 years, and tower over a small hill in Turkey.

Excavated just a few years ago, these mysterious structures are part of the world’s oldest known monumental religious complex.

Each pillar is covered in hundreds of images, including humans and dangerous animals like snakes and scorpions.
Surrounded by nested, winding walls, these pillars suggest a complex spiritual worldview shared by hunter-gatherers in the region who added to it for roughly 1,600 years. Now, a team of archaeologists have revealed that decorated human skulls were part of the Göbekli Tepe rituals.
German Archaeological Institute paleopathologist Julia Gresky and her colleagues write in in Science Advances about excavating bone fragments that suggest an ancient “skull cult” at the site.

Though it sounds like something out of a pirate movie, a skull cult is simply an archaeological term that describes the ritualistic or religious alteration of multiple skulls.
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