Enlarge / A power cable sits in the charge point of a Toyota Motor Corp.

FT- EV III concept electric vehicle on display during the China (Guangzhou) International Automobile Exhibition in Guangzhou, China, on Saturday, November 21, 2015. Photographer: Qilai Shen/Bloomberg via Getty Images (credit: Bloomberg / Getty Images)
According to reports in The Wall Street Journal and Japan’s Chunichi Shimbun, Toyota is in the “production engineering” stage of building an electric vehicle (EV) battery with a solid electrolyte. Reports suggest the new battery will debut in Japan in a model 2022 car with an all-new platform.
So-called “solid state” batteries have both solid electrodes and solid electrolytes.
Solid-state batteries can be made smaller and lighter than the lithium-ion batteries that currently power electric vehicles, but engineering such a battery at an attractive price point for mass production has been a challenge.

The Chunichi Shimbun reported that Toyota’s battery will be able to charge in a few minutes and have a long range, but the article did not list specifics.
A solid-state battery would also reduce the fire risk that comes with lithium-ion batteries that use a liquid electrolyte.

And, because the electrolyte wouldn’t be in danger of freezing, it could withstand a wider range of temperatures.
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