The future of the computer isn’t silicon; we’re already at the limits of Moore’s Law in terms of the performance we can get from traditional transistors. We’re also working on much bigger problems, especially when it comes to cryptography and in mathematical modeling; problems that require days of compute time even on the largest supercomputers.So where do we go from here? Microsoft Research, like Google and IBM, has been investing heavily in quantum computing. Much of its research has been in basic physics, working with universities around the world to produce efficient low-temperature environments and stable quantum computing environments.

But creating a qubit—the probabilistic quantum bit that essentially replaces the 0’s and 1’s of a traditional bit—is only part of the story. What’s also needed is a way to program a quantum computer and interpret the qubits’ probabilistic state.To read this article in full, please click here

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