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Newly discovered beetle species evolved to live among the army ants of Costa Rica.
Calls for audit of votes in key swing states just to make sure nothing went awry Donald Trump's surprise win in the United States' presidential election could conceivably be attributed to illegal hacking and needs to be investigated, according to a security expert. A statistical analysis by J Alex Halderman, professor of computer science at the University of Michigan's Center for Computer Security and Society, has shown that in three states there were worrying downturns in votes for Democratic Party candidate Hillary Clinton. Halderman feels voting patterns were particularly odd in counties that use electronic voting machines and which don't use a paper receipt to record votes. In some cases such counties showed a seven per cent swing against Clinton, compared to votes predicted by polls.

That swing was enough to tip the election Trump's way, as he took some states - and their electoral college votes - by a few tens of thousands of votes. "I believe the most likely explanation is that the polls were systematically wrong, rather than that the election was hacked.

But I don’t believe that either one of these seemingly unlikely explanations is overwhelmingly more likely than the other," Halderman writes. "The only way to know whether a cyberattack changed the result is to closely examine the available physical evidence  - paper ballots and voting equipment in critical states like Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania. Unfortunately, nobody is ever going to examine that evidence unless candidates in those states act now, in the next several days, to petition for recounts." That electronic voting machines are not designed with security in mind and are easy to hack is well documented.

For more than a decade security experts have warned that the machines are susceptible to easy hacks. That hacking aimed at exposing secret information played a part in the US election is without doubt.

A series of leaked emails from the Democratic National Congress that were a key issue for voters, and several election boards had their systems attacked by hackers. Attacks aimed at influencing elections are not uncommon.

Costa Rica investigated such claims, and the Ukrainian government claimed to have found sophisticated election machine hacking code in 2014 that could have altered the course of the vote. Halderman is clear; the only secure form of voting is on paper, with a viable audit trail.

This works well in the UK and Australia, where election nights are busy times as officials index paper ballots on camera.

But the US moved early on electronic voting and many machines don’t provide a paper receipt for auditing. At this stage, the problem is largely moot.

The deadline for a legal challenge to the results is very close and there is little appetite for such a fight. Let's not forget, too, that president-elect Donald Trump never ruled out he would not accept losing the election if he felt any fraud was involved.

A late recount and allegations of digital deviousness has the potential to turn things ugly stateside. ® Sponsored: Customer Identity and Access Management
Neustar Expands its Footprint Outside the USA with New Westminster OfficeOctober 18, 2016 – LONDON and STERLING, Va. – Neustar, Inc. (NYSE: NSR), a trusted, neutral provider of real-time information services, today announced that it has expanded its EMEA headquarters to a new office location in central London (Westminster). From October 2016, the new Neustar office in St. James’s Park will be focused on delivering security and marketing solutions to customers throughout Europe, the Middle East and Africa and has capacity for approximately sixty Neustar employees responsible for sales, marketing, account management and support. Neustar logo The new office in the high tech, circular building at 21 Palmer Street covers 6,426 square feet and marks the expansion of Neustar’s presence outside of the United States. Neustar’s other global locations, include San Francisco, Washington DC, New York, Tokyo, Hamburg, Melbourne, Costa Rica, Bangalore and Hyderabad. Neustar’s previous UK presence was near Heathrow, to the west of Greater London. “In Europe we are experiencing rapid growth, which reflects an increase in opportunities for our businesses in EMEA. This is all good news and means we need to open a larger head office in the region. As all our other global offices are in excellent locations, it made sense for us to choose a premier position in central London from where we can effectively service our EMEA client base,” said Brian Foster, Senior Vice President of Information Services, Neustar. For more information please visit: Neustar offices: https://www.neustar.biz/about-us/contact-usNeustar MarketShare offices: http://www.marketshare.com/contact-us About NeustarEvery day, the world generates roughly 2.5 quadrillion bits of data. Neustar (NYSE: NSR) isolates certain elements and analyzes, simplifies and edits them to make precise and valuable decisions that drive results. As one of the few companies capable of knowing with certainty who is on the other end of every interaction, we’re trusted by the world’s great brands to make critical decisions some 20 billion times a day. We help marketers send timely and relevant messages to the right people. Because we can authoritatively tell a client exactly who is calling or connecting with them, we make critical real-time responses possible. And the same comprehensive information that enables our clients to direct and manage orders also stops attackers. We know when someone isn’t who they claim to be, which helps stop fraud and denial of service before they’re a problem. Because we’re also an experienced manager of some of the world’s most complex databases, we help clients control their online identity, registering and protecting their domain name, and routing traffic to the correct network address. By linking the most essential information with the people who depend on it, we provide more than 12,000 clients worldwide with decisions—not just data. More information is available at http://www.neustar.biz Neustar Media ContactClinton KarrClinton.karr@neustar.biz(415) 590-4611
Donald Trump’s call for "extreme vetting" of visa applications, as well as the temporary suspension of immigration from certain countries, would raise fees and add delays for anyone seeking a visa, including H-1B visas, immigration experts said. In particular, a plan by Trump, the Republican presidential candidate, to stop issuing visas -- at least temporarily -- "from some of the most dangerous and volatile regions of the world" may make it difficult for a significant number of people to get visas. Data assembled by Computerworld through a Freedom of Information Act request shows foreign workers come from all corners of the world, including "dangerous and volatile regions." Trump outlined his immigration enforcement plan in a speech Monday. In 2014, the U.S. approved more than 370,000 H-1B applications.
Some were new entries, and others were for previously approved workers who were either renewing or updating their status. Of that number, 2,234 of the H-1B visa holders were from Pakistan, a country that might appear on a Trump list.

Another 1,102 approved visa holders were from Iran.

There were 658 H-1B visa holders from Egypt, and 256 were from Syria. (Article continues below chart.) Country of Birth for H-1B Visa Holders Country Frequency INDIA 262,730 CHINA 29,936 CANADA 7,653 PHILIPPINES 6,055 KOREA, SOUTH 5,024 UNITED KINGDOM 3,822 MEXICO 3,216 TAIWAN 2,785 FRANCE 2,570 JAPAN 2,268 PAKISTAN 2,234 NEPAL 1,997 GERMANY 1,895 TURKEY 1,850 BRAZIL 1,831 ITALY 1,497 COLOMBIA 1,491 RUSSIA 1,461 VENEZUELA 1,432 SPAIN 1,329 IRAN 1,102 NIGERIA 1,015 ISRAEL 949 IRELAND 932 KOREA 813 UKRAINE 795 ARGENTINA 778 MALAYSIA 771 SINGAPORE 755 VIETNAM 695 EGYPT 658 ROMANIA 648 BANGLADESH 647 INDONESIA 637 SRI LANKA 608 PERU 583 POLAND 576 AUSTRALIA 564 GREECE 556 SOUTH AFRICA 547 HONG KONG 503 BULGARIA 477 THAILAND 476 LEBANON 462 JAMAICA 461 KENYA 437 NETHERLANDS 432 JORDAN 415 CHILE 395 SWEDEN 374 NEW ZEALAND 353 GHANA 341 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 333 ECUADOR 302 SYRIA 256 PORTUGAL 253 SWITZERLAND 249 BELGIUM 238 DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 231 SAUDI ARABIA 205 ZIMBABWE 205 HUNGARY 203 Spain 189 AUSTRIA 179 UNKNOWN 179 DENMARK 174 HONDURAS 171 COSTA RICA 165 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 155 BOLIVIA 150 CZECH REPUBLIC 149 GUATEMALA 149 EL SALVADOR 147 SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO 142 KUWAIT 141 MOROCCO 138 ETHIOPIA 133 CAMEROON 126 FINLAND 125 BAHAMAS 123 MOLDOVA 111 KAZAKHSTAN 108 SLOVAK REPUBLIC 103 CROATIA 102 NORWAY 102 ARMENIA 101 UZBEKISTAN 101 PANAMA 99 URUGUAY 94 ALBANIA 88 UGANDA 88 USSR 87 Serbia 86 LIBYA 84 MONGOLIA 83 TANZANIA 83 BURMA 76 NIGER 74 LITHUANIA 70 GEORGIA 66 GRENADA 58 SENEGAL 58 BARBADOS 57 MACEDONIA 56 LATVIA 54 AZERBAIJAN 52 BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA 51 CYPRUS 51 ST. LUCIA 51 IRAQ 50 SLOVENIA 50 BELIZE 48 ICELAND 47 ZAMBIA 47 GUYANA 45 NICARAGUA 45 PARAGUAY 45 BAHRAIN 43 TUNISIA 43 ALGERIA 42 MAURITIUS 42 DOMINICA 40 USA 39 ESTONIA 35 KYRGYZSTAN 34 HAITI 30 RWANDA 28 BURKINA FASO 26 MACAU 25 TURKMENISTAN 25 CAMBODIA 24 COTE D'IVOIRE 24 TAJIKISTAN 24 CONGO 22 ST. KITTS-NEVIS 22 SUDAN 22 MALAWI 21 OMAN 21 ST.
VINCENT/GRENADINES 21 MALI 20 ANTIGUA-BARBUDA 19 BOTSWANA 18 IVORY COAST 18 BERMUDA 17 BENIN 16 AFGHANISTAN 15 Kosovo 15 QATAR 15 LUXEMBOURG 13 MADAGASCAR 13 Montenegro 13 YEMEN-SANAA 13 TOGO 12 SIERRA LEONE 11 YUGOSLAVIA 11 GABON 10 GAMBIA 10 NORTHERN IRELAND 10 MALTA 8 NAMIBIA 8 SURINAME 8 SWAZILAND 8 BHUTAN 7 FIJI 7 FRENCH POLYNESIA 7 MOZAMBIQUE 7 BURUNDI 6 CUBA 6 GUINEA 6 LIBERIA 6 BRUNEI 5 NETHERLANDS ANTILLES 5 ARUBA 4 ERITREA 4 KIRIBATI 4 LESOTHO 4 MALDIVES 4 MAURITANIA 4 ANGOLA 3 CAPE VERDE 3 CHAD 3 DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO 3 SEYCHELLES 3 UNITED STATES 3 ANGUILLA 2 LAOS 2 SOMALIA 2 ARABIAN PENINSULA 1 CAYMAN ISLANDS 1 DJIBOUTI 1 GERMANY, WEST 1 GIBRALTAR 1 GUINEA-BISSAU 1 MARTINIQUE 1 MONACO 1 REUNION 1 Samoa 1 SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE 1 ST.
VINCENT-GRENADINES 1 STATELESS 1 TONGA 1 TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS 1 VANUATU 1 Source: USCIS data for approved applications in fiscal year 2014 Trump's plan to admit only people "who share our values and respect our people" didn't indicate how it would be applied.
It also didn't say whether all visa holders -- visitor, H-1B and green card -- would be subject to an ideological litmus test. And what is the correct answer to such a question about American values? "If you ask people born in this country what is an American ideology, I'm not quite sure that we would come out with one answer," said Jessica Lavariega-Monforti, a professor and chair of the political science department at Pace University in New York. "The immigration system, as it currently stands, could not process additional vetting without creating backlogs and increasing wait times for applicants.

At the same time, it is unclear how these policy changes would increase safety against a terrorist attack," said Lavariega-Monforti. John Lawit, an immigration attorney in Irving, Texas, said the U.S. already has a vetting process that begins as soon as someone applies for a tourist visa.

There are different levels of threat, such as being a citizen of Syria, that trigger a much higher level of vetting, he said. "There is a huge financial commitment that must be made in terms of human resources in order to carry on such a vetting program, and a huge, huge increase in fees,” Lawit said. Requiring oaths of some kind is "a lot of posturing with very little substance," he added, and are ineffective in improving security. Lawit said he once assisted H-1B workers who were employed in non-classified jobs at the Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories.

The processing time for security checks could run months.

That's an example of extreme vetting, while "extraordinary detailed security investigations are conducted," he said. This story, "Trump's 'extreme' anti-terrorism vetting may be H-1B nightmare" was originally published by Computerworld.