Tag: Digital Signature Standard
These certificates along with PCI DSS compliance, EU Code of Conduct for Data Centres and DCA certification as a... Source: RealWire
They might even be running in production. Unfortunately, many security teams don’t yet understand the security implications of containers or know if they are running in their companies. In a nutshell, Linux container technologies such as Docker and CoreOS Rkt virtualize applications instead of entire servers.
Containers are superlightweight compared with virtual machines, with no need for replicating the guest operating system.
They are flexible, scalable, and easy to use, and they can pack a lot more applications into a given physical infrastructure than is possible with VMs.
And because they share the host operating system, rather than relying on a guest OS, containers can be spun up instantly (in seconds versus the minutes VMs require). A June 2016 report from the Cloud Foundry Foundation surveyed 711 companies about their use of containers. More than half had either deployed or were in the process of evaluating containers. Of those, 16 percent have already mainstreamed the use of containers, with 64 percent expecting to do so within the next year.
If security teams want to seize the opportunity (borrowing a devops term) to “shift security to the left,” they need to identify and involve themselves in container initiatives now. Developers and devops teams have embraced containers because they align with the devops philosophy of agile, continuous application delivery. However, as is the case with any new technology, containers also introduce new and unique security challenges.
These include the following: Inflow of vulnerable source code: Because containers are open source, images created by an organization’s developers are often updated, then stored and used as necessary.
This creates an endless stream of uncontrolled code that may harbor vulnerabilities or unexpected behaviors. Large attack surface: In a given environment, there would be many more containers than there would be applications, VMs, databases, or any other object that requires protecting.
The large numbers of containers running on multiple machines, whether on premises or in the cloud, make it difficult to track what’s going on or to detect anomalies through the noise. Lack of visibility: Containers are run by a container engine, such as Docker or Rkt, that interfaces with the Linux kernel.
This creates another layer of abstraction that can mask the activity of specific containers or what specific users are doing within the containers. Devops speed: The pace of change is such that containers typically have a lifespan four times shorter than that of VMs, on average.
Containers can be executed in an instant, run for a few minutes, then stopped and removed.
This ephemerality makes it possible to launch attacks and disappear quickly, with no need to install anything. “Noisy neighbor” containers: A container might behave in a way that effectively creates a DoS attack on other containers.
For example, opening sockets repeatedly will quickly bring the entire host machine to a crawl and eventually cause it to freeze up. Container breakout to the host: Containers might run as a root user, making it possible to use privilege escalation to break the “containment” and access the host’s operating system. “East-west” network attacks: A jeopardized container can be leveraged to launch attacks across the network, especially if its outbound network connections and ability to run with raw sockets were not properly restricted. The best practices for securing container environments are not only about hardening containers or the servers they run on after the fact.
They’re focused on securing the entire environment.
Security must be considered from the moment container images are pulled from a registry to when the containers are spun down from a runtime or production environment.
Given that containers are often deployed at devops speed as part of a CI/CD framework, the more you can automate, the better. With that in mind, I present this list of best practices. Many of them are not unique to containers, but if they are “baked” into the devops process now, they will have a much greater impact on the security posture of containerized applications than if they are “bolted” on after the fact. Implement a comprehensive vulnerability management program. Vulnerability management goes way beyond scanning images when they are first downloaded from a registry.
Containers can easily pass through the development cycle with access controls or other policies that are too loose, resulting in corruption that causes the application to break down or leading to compromise in runtime.
A rigorous vulnerability management program is a proactive initiative with multiple checks from “cradle to grave,” triggered automatically and used as gates between the dev, test, staging, and production environments. Ensure that only approved images are used in your environment. An effective way of reducing the attack surface and preventing developers from making critical security mistakes is to control the inflow of container images into your development environment.
This means using only approved private registries and approved images and versions.
For example, you might sanction a single Linux distro as a base image, preferably one that is lean (Alpine or CoreOS rather than Ubuntu) to minimize the surface for potential attacks. Implement proactive integrity checks throughout the lifecycle. Part of managing security throughout the container lifecycle is to ensure the integrity of the container images in the registry and enforce controls as they are altered or deployed into production.
Image signing or fingerprinting can be used to provide a chain of custody that allows you to verify the integrity of the containers. Enforce least privileges in runtime. This is a basic security best practice that applies equally in the world of containers. When a vulnerability is exploited, it generally provides the attacker with access and privileges equal to those of the application or process that has been compromised.
Ensuring that containers operate with the least privileges and access required to get the job done reduces your exposure to risk. Whitelist files and executables that the container is allowed to access or run. It’s a lot easier to manage a whitelist when it is implemented from the get-go.
A whitelist provides a measure of control and manageability as you learn what files and executables are required for the application to function correctly, and it allows you to maintain a more stable and reliable environment. Limiting containers so that they can access or run only pre-approved or whitelisted files and executables is a powerful nethod to mitigate risk.
It not only reduces the attack surface, but also can be employed to provide a baseline for anomalies and prevent the use cases of the “noisy neighbor” and container breakout scenarios described above. Enforce network segmentation on running containers. Maintain network segmentation (or “nano-segmentation”) to segregate clusters or zones of containers by application or workload.
In addition to being a highly effective best practice, network segmentation is a must-have for container-based applications that are subject to PCI DSS.
It also serves as a safeguard against “east-west” attacks. Actively monitor container activity and user access. As with any IT environment, you should consistently monitor activity and user access to your container ecosystem to quickly identify any suspicious or malicious activity. Log all administrative user access to containers for auditing. While strong user access controls can restrict privileges for the majority of people who interact with containers, administrators are in a class by themselves. Logging administrative access to your container ecosystem, container registry, and container images is a good security practice and a common-sense control.
It will provide the forensic evidence needed in the case of a breach, as well as a clear audit trail if needed to demonstrate compliance. Much of the notion of “baking security into IT processes” relates to automating preventive processes from the onset.
Getting aggressive about container security now can allow for containerized applications to be inherently more secure than their predecessors. However, given that containers will be deployed ephemerally and in large numbers, active detection and response -- essential to any security program -- will be critical for containerized environments.
Container runtime environments will need to be monitored at all times, for anomalies, suspected breaches, and compliance purposes. Although there’s a growing body of knowledge about container security in the public domain, it’s important to note that we’re still in the early stages.
As we discover new container-specific vulnerabilities (or new-old ones such as Dirty COW), and as we make the inevitable mistakes (like the configuration error in Vine’s Docker registry that allowed a security researcher to access Vine's source code), best practices are sure to evolve. The good news, as far as container adoption goes, is it’s still early enough to automate strong security controls into container environments.
The not-so-good news is security teams need to know about container initiatives early enough to make that happen, and more often than not they don’t.
To realize the potential security improvements that can be achieved in the transition to container-based application development, that needs to change ... soon.
Educating yourself about containers and the security implications of using them is a good start. New Tech Forum provides a venue to explore and discuss emerging enterprise technology in unprecedented depth and breadth.
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New deals for UK payment technology provider include multi-million dollar contract with Fortune 500 insurer
Guildford, UK – December 7 2016 – Semafone, which provides secure payment software for call centres, has reported three new client wins in North America worth $7.5 million, only six months after opening its headquarters in Boston.
The company’s substantial investment in its North American operations has contributed significantly to Semafone’s 30 per cent growth in its customer base worldwide.
The new US customer deals include:
- A Fortune 500 insurance company, which will use Semafone’s solution to shield payment card information from agents and recordings, maintain regulatory compliance and minimise the risk of data breaches.
- One of the most recognisable retail brands in the US.
This company will work with Semafone to simplify PCI DSS compliance and help its call centres provide a better customer experience.
- A large US telecommunications service provider, which Semafone will help to reduce the scope of PCI compliance in two of its call centres.
“This past year has been one of remarkable growth for the business,” said Tim Critchley, Semafone CEO. “Opening our North American headquarters and hiring high-calibre people has given us the foundation to extend our reach to some of the largest and most respected US companies within the insurance, communications and retail spaces.
“We look forward to continued success in 2017 as we help companies secure their call centres, fight fraud, maintain a positive brand reputation and keep customers’ most sensitive data safe.”
In addition to significant customer deals across the globe, Semafone has also formed strategic partnerships with other leading call centre solution providers, including BT Wholesale and Secure Co, to support a growing roster of worldwide clients.
In another testament to Semafone’s successful year in North America, the company won three 2016 CNP Awards, recognising its market-leading patented payment method for call centres.
Semafone recently expanded its global accreditations by gaining Level 1 Service Provider Status against v3.2 of the PCI DSS in North America.
Already a Level 1 Service Provider in Europe, a Visa (Europe) Merchant Agent and a global ISO 27001 company, Semafone attained this accreditation to mirror and extend current and new services into North America.
This includes Semafone’s in-house development and existing Payment Application Data Security Standard (PA DSS) products.
As a result, customers can rapidly access unique enhancements and updates to Semafone’s products, created with the PCI standards in mind.
For more information about Semafone, please visit: www.semafone.com
Semafone believes in the phrase, “You can’t hack what you don’t hold.” The company’s patented payment method enables call centres to secure sensitive payment card data to comply with PCI DSS, while providing positive experiences for customers and agents alike.
By shielding callers’ payment card information and other PII from agents, and keeping sensitive data out of the call centre’s infrastructure, Semafone’s solution helps to minimize the risks associated with potentially brand-damaging data breaches and fraud.
Semafone has achieved the four leading security and payment accreditations: ISO 27001:2013, PA DSS certification for its payment solution, PCI DSS Level 1 Service Provider and is a Visa Level 1 Merchant Agent.
The company was founded in 2009 and serves a wide range of industry sectors including financial services, media, retail, utilities, travel and tourism and the public sector.
Customers include Sky, TalkTalk, AXA and Virgin Holidays. North American customers include Rogers Communications, Consolidated Communications, Aviva Canada, Aimia, Amica and TVG.
BT offers a hosted version of Semafone’s technology - BT Cloud Contact PCI. Major investors include Octopus Investments and BGF (Business Growth Fund).
Firms have continued to phase out the obsolete SSLv3 protocol, support for which was exploited in attacks such as POODLE (padding Oracle on downgraded legacy encryption) and others.
By the end of September 18 per cent of web servers still support it, compared with 23 per cent recorded by High-Tech Bridge in June 2016. By contrast there has been no move away from the ageing TLS 1.0 protocol: 96.1 per cent of web servers still support it, compared with 97 per cent in June 2016. Maintaining compliance with the credit card industry’s PCI DSS standard means those who handle credit card data need to drop support for TLS 1.0 from June 2018. Ilia Kolochenko, High-Tech Bridge’s chief exec, commented: “Both SMEs and multinationals experience serious problems and face financial losses caused by insecure web applications.
Traditional web security testing by automated solutions and defence by web application firewalls cannot reliably protect modern web applications any more. “Companies shall look on DevSecOps and S-SDLC implementation to manage their web application lifecycle. Web application security is a continuous process, not an ad-hoc action or quarterly scan." High-Tech Bridge’s web security trend findings for the year to date were announced at last week’s Black Hat EU conference. ® Sponsored: Customer Identity and Access Management
Bank of America CEO Brian Moynihan has said that when it comes to cybersecurity, there are no budget constraints.
At the federal level, President Obama has increased cybersecurity spending to $19 billion in 2017, up from $14 billion in 2016. But even with massive budgets being earmarked to protect against cyberattacks, it's difficult for organizations to fill all their open cybersecurity positions.
In 2015, more than 200,000 cybersecurity job positions went unfilled, a shortfall that is on track to increase to 1.5 million by 2019, according to Symantec CEO Michael Brown. For developers passionate about securing code and willing to invest the time needed to add security to their IT skills, when it comes to career advancement, there are many opportunities. How Can Developers Choose "Secure Development"?At the top of the pyramid when it comes to cybersecurity certifications is the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP); however, it requires years of prior experience in information security. For developers looking to boost their secure development knowledge by attaining a security certification, an ideal place to start your research is "10 Security Certifications To Boost Your Career" in order to find the certification that matches your goals and current qualifications. When it comes to pinpointing which pathway best suits your cybersecurity career goals, there are numerous routes to take. Developers who have a passion for policy enforcement, incident response, auditing, or user awareness and are interested in providing a security perspective on third-party products can head in the direction of enterprise IT security. Compliance-minded developers with experience developing applications with PCI-DSS, MISRA, FIPS, and other policy certifications can find roles available as security or compliance consultants, or as internal or external auditors. Other routes include jobs in wireless security, network security, cryptography, risk management, identity architects, and many others.
According to the U.S.
Department of Labor, the most sought-after job titles in cybersecurity include security engineer, security analyst, information security analyst, network security engineer, and information technology security analyst. 5 Top Security Careers, Job Descriptions & SalariesHigher salaries are the most obvious benefit for developers who decide to enhance their cybersecurity knowledge and move into secure development roles. Roles in cybersecurity can pay up to 9% more on average than IT jobs outside of the security realm. Note: Salary statistics taken from PayScale, job description information from Cyber Degrees. Security EngineerSecurity engineers build and maintain IT security solutions within organizations.
They perform vulnerability testing, risk analyses, and security assessments while creating innovative ways to solve existing production security issues. Requirements: Degree in computer scienceMedian Salary: $88,777 Security AnalystSecurity analysts are in charge of the detection and prevention of cyberthreats against an organization through an ongoing analysis of the company's IT infrastructure.
Tasks include the planning and implementation of security measures and controls, data maintenance and the monitoring of security assets, in-house security awareness training, and more. Requirements: Between one and five years of cybersecurity experience is needed.Median Salary: $66,787 Penetration TesterPenetration testers are legal hackers who help organizations find security threats in applications, networks, and systems.
They're also known as pentesters.
They test applications by simulating cyberattacks that have been found in the wild. Requirements: Unlike other cybersecurity, many openings for pentesters don't require a degree; however, your abilities will be under constant scrutiny, so some formal education is recommended. Median Salary: $77,774 Security ConsultantSecurity consultants design and implement innovative security solutions.
Since security consultants are relied upon by numerous different departments to guide and implement long-term cybersecurity strategy, extensive industry experience is required.
For developers who are new to security, starting as a pentester or security analyst is recommended, although after proving themselves in other security roles for between three to five years, and understanding the industry inside out, aspiring security analysts could find themselves relevant for this role. Requirements: A degree in computer science and between three and five years of experience in cybersecurity are needed. Median Salary: $80,763 Incident ResponderIncident responders, also known as CSIRT engineers, or intrusion analysts, investigate and limit the damage from cyberattacks that have occurred while working closely with the security team to prevent further attacks from taking place.
Incident responders monitor their organization's networks and systems for threats while performing audits, risk analysis, and malware assessments. Requirements: Like pentesters, incident responders don't necessarily have to have a specific degree, although a cybersecurity certification or specialization is helpful.Median Salary: Around $60,000 Don't WaitWhile security analysts and security engineers must have a degree and extensive experience, there are options for developers who want to turn their security passions into a profession in roles such as incident responders and pentesters, with less-intensive requirements.
If you're a developer, don't wait — start working on enhancing your career in cybersecurity now. Related Content: Paul is an application security community specialist at Checkmarx, responsible for writing, editing, and managing the social media community. With a background in mobile applications, Paul brings a passion for creativity to investigating the trends, news and security issues ...
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The modular Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) platform unifies all communication capabilities into a single platform, enabling cloud communications delivered to all devices, users and locations.
Businesses are empowered with increased flexibility around contact management and deployment, while ensuring compliance with increasingly stringent regulations. The scalable platform provides enterprises with a comprehensive communication tool that enables the effortless transition between instant messaging, email, voice and video, while allowing seamless integration with core IT such as CRM using Solgari Link. Organisations can cherry-pick the services that match their requirements, avoiding the complexities of dealing with multiple service vendors that can lead to long contracts and spiralling costs.
Furthermore, the platform provides PCI DSS compliant call & video recording and archiving, functions that aid customer query resolution and ensures regulatory requirements are met. “The SaaS suite offers a cost-effective and convenient alternative to expensive hardware and software solutions, which are often not integrated or suited to the requirements of the business,” said Vance Harris, Solgari CTO and co-founder. “The modular design enables businesses to customise exactly what they need and it means it can be utilised in all industries. Moreover, with the capability to search for archived calls via a number of options, including user details and keywords, users are able to solve queries effortlessly - it’s a real resource saver around compliance.” The services with enhanced features include: Solgari Connect – offers browser-based inbound communications from corporate website through WebRTC.
Simple click and talk functionality is enabled via an intuitive interface, and agents can effortlessly escalate calls from voice to video, while also adding instant messages.
Customer calls are completely free. Solgari Global Voice – delivers users with worldwide numbering capabilities and provides Tier 1 voice quality regardless of device or location.
The service is supported on Windows, macOS, iOS and Android, with a dedicated smartphone app. Many optional features include advanced IVR which aids and automates customer service. Solgari Contact Centre – developed to run inbound, outbound or blended contact centres.
Features include call listening, whispering and barging – ideal capabilities for training and supervision – as well as agent visibility and wallboards, which can be programmed to display a number of performance-related criteria. Solgari User Application Suite (SUAS) – enables businesses to comprehensively manage and analyse their communications.
Through three tools, Solgari Callview, Reports and Analyser, users are able to simply retrieve and listen to archived calls & videos, create detailed and accurate PBX and ACD reports, and examine overall system use – enabling them to identify where processes can be enhanced. Word and phrase searching capability within archived calls to address compliance and dispute resolution. Solgari Link – empowers users to seamlessly integrate voice and video communication capabilities to leading CRM systems, including Microsoft Dynamics, Salesforce and Bullhorn, as well as with other ERP and back office systems. Other features that work with Solgari Link include advanced IVR and voice verification which facilitates PCI payment, surveys and intelligent identification of customers and their requirements. Solgari WebMeeting – WebRTC solution that provides real-time voice and video meetings without the need for extra software downloads or plugins.
Additional capabilities include remote desktop control, screen share and automatic meeting report emails “The platform can benefit all departments and has been successfully deployed over a number of verticals including Fintech, Recruitment, Government and Retail,” said John Colgan, Solgari CEO and co-founder. “For example, Solgari Link can help facilitate the sales process due to its CRM solution integration capability.
Agents can simply click and call customers and prospects from a single dashboard; there’s no need to pick up the phone.
Furthermore, all incoming customer calls & requirements can be clearly identified in advance of the agent picking up, creating a great impression and efficiencies.
It’s this adaptability that really makes the Solgari product suite a unique and innovative player in the cloud communications market.” Solgari services are available on a per-user, per-month subscription.
As the services are completely cloud-based, there are no hardware or infrastructure requirements and all updates are provided by Solgari. On average, Solgari customers see yearly savings of more than 40 % compared to legacy telephony and contact centre providers. The platform is available to all new and existing customers.
For more information see the Solgari demo overview or, to request a demo, please visit http://www.solgari.com/contact.About SolgariSolgari has developed the technology, network and partnerships to deliver the world’s first complete enterprise cloud business communications software solution. No boxes, no licenses, no software upgrades, no capital expenditure, Solgari is unique.
Solgari is a licensed telco, integrated with a scalable and modular cloud software platform, providing every service from Cloud Telephony, Call & Video Conferencing, Desktop Sharing up to the most intelligent Contact Centre, covering call encryption and meeting FCA, SEC, Central Bank and PCI DSS Compliance.
Solgari’s customers can pick and choose the services required, where and when through a subscription based model.
For more information, please visit the company website and learn more about Solgari’s solutions at www.solgari.com Media ContactsFinn PartnersAstor Sonnen or Caitlin Mullally+44 203 217 7060SolgariTeam@finnpartners.com