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The security is still secure

Recently WikiLeaks published a report that, among other things, claims to disclose tools and tactics employed by a state-sponsored organization to break into users' computers and circumvent installed security solutions.

The list of compromised security products includes dozens of vendors and relates to the whole cybersecurity industry.

Unraveling the Lamberts Toolkit

The Lamberts is a family of sophisticated attack tools that has been used by one or multiple threat actors against high-profile victims since at least 2008.

The arsenal includes network-driven backdoors, several generations of modular backdoors, harvesting tools, and wipers.

ATMitch: remote administration of ATMs

In February 2017, we published research on fileless attacks against enterprise networks.

This second paper is about the methods and techniques that were used by the attackers in the second stage of their attacks against financial organizations – basically enabling remote administration of ATMs.

Lazarus Under The Hood

Today we'd like to share some of our findings, and add something new to what's currently common knowledge about Lazarus Group activities, and their connection to the much talked about February 2016 incident, when an unknown attacker attempted to steal up to $851M USD from Bangladesh Central Bank.

PetrWrap: the new Petya-based ransomware used in targeted attacks

This year we found a new family of ransomware used in targeted attacks against organizations.

After penetrating an organization's network the threat actors used the PsExec tool to install ransomware on all endpoints and servers in the organization.

The next interesting fact about this ransomware is that the threat actors decided to use the well-known Petya ransomware to encrypt user data.

Now’s the time to get caught up on Windows and Office...

There were almost no patches from Microsoft in February, and the ones that were released haven’t caused any problems.
So it makes a lot of sense to apply those few patches now, since… who knows what could happen next.A tiny Windows 7 security patch was released in January, and there were no Windows 7 patches at all in February. Meanwhile, the list of problems is growing; two zero-day exploits in IE and Edge were confirmed in February—the gdi32.dll heap boundary error and the CSS token sequence/JavaScript table header bug.

The vulnerability that caused SMBv3 protocol crashes hasn’t been fixed, either. So there is likely a lot of stuff ready to hit the fan.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

How Security Products are Tested – Part 1

The demand for tests appeared almost simultaneously with the development of the first antivirus programs.

Demand created supply: test labs at computer magazines started to measure the effectiveness of security solutions, and later an industry of specialized companies emerged with a more comprehensive approach to testing methods.

New(ish) Mirai Spreader Poses New Risks

A cross-platform win32-based Mirai spreader and botnet is in the wild and previously discussed publicly. However, there is much information confused together, as if an entirely new IoT bot is spreading to and from Windows devices.

This is not the case.
Instead, an accurate assessment is that a previously active Windows botnet is spreading a Mirai bot variant.

Spam and phishing in 2016

2016 saw a variety of changes in spam flows, with the increase in the number of malicious mass mailings containing ransomware being the most significant.

These programs are readily available on the black market, and in 2017 the volume of malicious spam is unlikely to fall.

KopiLuwak: A New JavaScript Payload from Turla

A new, unique JavaScript payload is now being used by Turla in targeted attacks.

This new payload, dubbed KopiLuwak, is being delivered using embedded macros within Office documents.

Cisco’s WebEx Chrome plugin will execute evil code, install malware via...

Just get rid of it – bin it now Malicious websites can remotely execute commands on Windows systems that have Cisco WebEx's Chrome extension installed.

About 20 million people actively use this broken software. All attackers need to know is a “magic URL” hidden within WebEx, Google Project Zero bug hunter Tavis Ormandy revealed on Monday. We think a secret "magic URL" is the nicest possible way of saying "backdoor," be it deliberate or accidental. Specifically, any URL request – such as a silent request for an invisible iframe on a page – that includes the string cwcsf-nativemsg-iframe-43c85c0d-d633-af5e-c056-32dc7efc570b.html opens up WebEx to remote-control execution. Ormandy clocked he could exploit this via Chrome's native messaging system to execute C library and Windows system calls. The Googler quickly produced a proof-of-concept webpage that pops open calc.exe on vulnerable machines that have Cisco's dodgy extension installed.

This demonstrates that a victim just has to browse a website that targets Cisco's plugin to come under attack and find their computer is infected with malware. “I noticed that [Cisco] ships a copy of the CRT (Microsoft's C Runtime, containing standard routines like printf, malloc, etc), so I tried calling the standard _wsystem() routine (like system(), but for WCHAR strings), like this,” wrote Ormandy, before throwing in this JavaScript: var msg = { GpcProductRoot: "WebEx", GpcMovingInSubdir: "Wanta", GpcProductVersion: "T30_MC", GpcUnpackName: "atgpcdec", GpcExtName: "atgpcext", GpcUnpackVersion: "27, 17, 2016, 501", GpcExtVersion: "3015, 0, 2016, 1117", GpcUrlRoot: "http://127.0.0.1/", GpcComponentName: btoa("MSVCR100.DLL"), GpcSuppressInstallation: btoa("True"), GpcFullPage: "True", GpcInitCall: btoa("_wsystem(ExploitShellCommand);"), ExploitShellCommand: btoa("calc.exe"), } “Unbelievably, that worked,” he added. There was a secret URL in WebEx that allowed any website to run arbitrary code. ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ https://t.co/sAqZrDN4ad — Tavis Ormandy (@taviso) January 23, 2017 And PRs wonder why we get uppity when we’re told to install weird extensions during press briefings - PDF + text is fine, thanks. https://t.co/whPRlSXnqX — The Register (@TheRegister) January 23, 2017 Cisco has rushed out WebEx version 1.0.3 to fix the issue, although crypto developer Filippo Valsorda says the patch is incomplete.

Given Cisco's devotion to programming standards, or lack thereof, just delete and forget about the crappy thing entirely. ® Sponsored: Customer Identity and Access Management

NSA-leaking Shadow Brokers lob Molotov cocktail before exiting world stage

EnlargeВвласенко reader comments 3 Share this story Shadow Brokers, the mysterious group that gained international renown when it published hundreds of advanced hacking tools belonging to the National Security Agency, says it's going dark.

But before it does, it's lobbing a Molotov cocktail that's sure to further inflame the US intelligence community. In a farewell message posted Thursday morning, group members said they were deleting their accounts and making an exit after their offers to release their entire cache of NSA hacking tools in exchange for a whopping 10,000 bitcoins (currently valued at more than $8.2 million) were rebuffed. While they said they would still make good on the offer should the sum be transferred into their electronic wallet, they said there would be no more communications. "Despite theories, it always being about bitcoins for TheShadowBrokers," Thursday's post, which wasn't available as this article was going live, stated. "Free dumps and bullshit political talk was being for marketing attention.

There being no bitcoins in free dumps and giveaways. You are being disappointed? Nobody is being more disappointed than TheShadowBrokers." The post included 61 Windows-formatted binary files, including executables, dynamic link libraries, and device drivers. While they all were detected by antivirus products from Kaspersky, which in 2015 published a detailed technical expose into the NSA-tied Equation Group, only one of them had previously been uploaded to the Virus Total malware scanning service.

And even then, Virus Total showed that the sample was detected by only 32 of 58 AV products even though it had been uploaded to the service in 2009.

After being loaded into Virus Total on Thursday, a second file included in the farewell post was detected by only 12 of the 58 products. Parting insult Malware experts are still analyzing the files, but early indications are that, as was the case with earlier Shadow Brokers dumps, they belonged to the Tailored Access Operations, the NSA's elite hacking unit responsible for breaking into the computers and networks of US adversaries.

And given evidence the files remained undetected by many of the world's most widely used malware defenses, Thursday's farewell message may have been little more than a parting insult, particularly if the group has origins in the Russian government, as members of the intelligence community have speculated. "This farewell message is kind of a burn-it-to-the-ground moment," Jake Williams, a malware expert and founder of Rendition Infosec, told Ars. Russian ties make sense Given the inauguration [of Donald Trump] happens in a short time [from now].
If that narrative is correct and Shadow Brokers is Russian, they wouldn't be able to release those tools after Trump takes office.
If you roll with that narrative, [the burn-it-to-the-ground theory] certainly works." Thursday's dump came several days after Shadow Brokers members published screenshots of what they claimed were NSA-developed exploits for Windows systems. While the absence of the actual files themselves made analysis impossible, the screenshots and the file names suggested the cache may have included a backdoor made possible by a currently unpatched vulnerability in the Windows implementation of the Server Message Block protocol. Other tools appeared to provide: bypasses for antivirus programs from at least a dozen providers, including Kaspersky, Symantec, McAfee, and Trend Micro a streamlined way to surgically remove entries from event logs used to forensically investigate breached computers and networks hacks for a Windows-based e-mail client known as WorldTouch capabilities for gaining administrator privileges or dumping passwords on Window machines. The full text of the post read: So long, farewell peoples.

TheShadowBrokers is going dark, making exit.

Continuing is being much risk and bullshit, not many bitcoins.

TheShadowBrokers is deleting accounts and moving on so don’t be trying communications.

Despite theories, it always being about bitcoins for TheShadowBrokers.

Free dumps and bullshit political talk was being for marketing attention.

There being no bitcoins in free dumps and giveaways. You are being disappointed? Nobody is being more disappointed than TheShadowBrokers.

But TheShadowBrokers is leaving door open. You having TheShadowBrokers public bitcoin address 19BY2XCgbDe6WtTVbTyzM9eR3LYr6VitWK TheShadowBrokers offer is still being good, no expiration.
If TheShadowBrokers receiving 10,000 btc in bitcoin address then coming out of hiding and dumping password for Linux + Windows.

Before go, TheShadowBrokers dropped Equation Group Windows Warez onto system with Kaspersky security product. 58 files popped Kaspersky alert for equationdrug.generic and equationdrug.k TheShadowBrokers is giving you popped files and including corresponding LP files. Password is FuckTheWorld Is being final fuck you, you should have been believing TheShadowBrokers. Files included with the post carried the following names: DoubleFeatureDll.dll.unfinalized DuplicateToken_Implant.dll DuplicateToken_Lp.dll DXGHLP16.SYS EventLogEdit_Implant.dll EventLogEdit_Lp.dll GetAdmin_Implant.dll GetAdmin_Lp.dll kill_Implant9x.dll kill_Implant.dll LSADUMP_Implant.dll LSADUMP_Lp.dll modifyAudit_Implant.dll modifyAudit_Lp.dll modifyAuthentication_Implant.dll modifyAuthentication_Lp.dll ModifyGroup_Implant.dll ModifyGroup_Lp.dll ModifyPrivilege_Implant.dll ModifyPrivilege_Lp.dll msgkd.ex_ msgki.ex_ msgks.ex_ msgku.ex_ mssld.dll msslu.dll mstcp32.sys nethide_Implant.dll nethide_Lp.dll ntevt.sys ntevtx64.sys ntfltmgr.sys PassFreely_Implant.dll PassFreely_Lp.dll PC_Legacy_dll PC_Level3_dll PC_Level3_dll_x64 PC_Level3_flav_dll PC_Level3_flav_dll_x64 PC_Level3_http_dll PC_Level3_http_dll_x64 PC_Level3_http_flav_dll PC_Level3_http_flav_dll_x64 PC_Level4_flav_dll PC_Level4_flav_dll_x64 PC_Level4_flav_exe PC_Level4_http_flav_dll PC_Level4_http_flav_dll_x64 PortMap_Implant.dll PortMap_Lp.dll ProcessHide_Implant.dll ProcessHide_Lp.dll processinfo_Implant9x.dll processinfo_Implant.dll ProcessOptions_Implant.dll ProcessOptions_Lp.dll pwdump_Implant.dll pwdump_Lp.dll RunAsChild_Implant.dll RunAsChild_Lp.dll tdi6.sys Of interest to researchers looking for clues about the people behind Shadow Brokers, Images included with the file dump showed the files were included on a Drive D that was most likely a USB drive, given an accompanying icon.

The folder was titled DSZOPSDISK, a string that also matches a folder name a previous exploit dump.

The evidence "lends credibility to the argument the leak came from an insider who stole, and subsequently lost control of, a USB stick, rather than a direct hack of the NSA," said independent researcher Matt Tait, who posts under the Twitter handle Pwn All The Things, told Ars.

As Tait also observed, the computer the drive was attached to appeared to be running Kaspersky AV and VMware tools, had no connected network or sound card, and was configured to show dates in the dd/mm/yyyy format.

The files were signed by the same cryptographic key used to sign previous Shadow Broker dumps. Thursday's post comes five months after Shadow Brokers first appeared.

A day after the unprecedented leak, Kaspersky Lab researchers definitively tied the included exploits to the NSA-connected Equation Group.

A day after that, Cisco Systems confirmed that the leaked cache included a zero-day exploit that had secretly targeted one if its firewall products for years.
In October, Shadow Brokers published a document revealing hundreds of networks that were targeted by the NSA over more than a decade. Tracking bear prints One theory floated by intelligence officers and reported by The New York Times is that the Shadow Brokers leaks were carried out by Russian operatives as a warning to the US not to publicly escalate blame of President Vladimir Putin for hacks on the Democratic National Committee. NSA leaker Edward Snowden and a host of others have also speculated that Russia is behind the Shadow Brokers as well.

There's no definitive proof of Russian involvement, but the timing of Thursday's farewell and the potentially damaging leaks that accompanied it—coming eight days before the inauguration of President elect Donald Trump—give the unescapable impression of a link. "They may not be Russian," Williams said of the Shadow Brokers members. "But it is inexplicable they would release the dump without understanding the timing and how it would be read.

Anyone smart enough to steal these tools understands the conclusion that will be drawn by most."