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Lawsuit: Fox News group hacked, surveilled, and stalked ex-host Andrea Tantaros

Lawsuit: After a sexual harassment claim, Fox News planted spyware on ex-host's computer.

YouTube TV is the company’s new live TV subscription service

Just after revealing one billion hours of YouTube is watched every day.

Up close and personal: Russian spy ship skims edge of US...

It's the latest provocation as Russia's military appears to test Trump.

Court ruling stands: US has no right to seize data from...

Enlarge / Satya Nadella, Chief Executive Officer of Microsoft, speaks at the Microsoft Annual Shareholders Meeting in Bellevue, Washington, on November 30, 2016.Jason Redmond, Getty Images reader comments 23 Share this story An evenly split federal appeals court ruled Tuesday that it won't revisit its July decision that allowed Microsoft to squash a US court warrant for e-mail stored on its servers in Dublin, Ireland.

The 4-4 vote by the 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals sets the stage for a potential Supreme Court showdown over the US government's demands that it be able to reach into the world's servers with the assistance of the tech sector. A three-judge panel of the 2nd Circuit had ruled that federal law, notably the Stored Communications Act, allows US authorities to seize content on US-based servers, but not on overseas servers.

Because of how the federal appellate process works, the Justice Department asked the New York-based appeals court to revisit the case with a larger, en banc, panel—but the outcome fell one judge short. Peter Carr, a Justice Department spokesman, said the agency was reviewing the decision and "considering our options." Those options include appealing to the Supreme Court or abiding by the ruling. In its petition for a rehearing, the government said Microsoft didn't have the legal right to defend the privacy of its e-mail customers, and that the July ruling isn't good for national security.

The authorities believe information in the e-mail could help it investigate a narcotics case. "The Opinion has created a regime where electronic communication service providers—private, for-profit businesses answerable only to their shareholders—can thwart legitimate and important criminal and national security investigations, while providing no offsetting, principled privacy protections," the government argued. Some of the members of the appeals court agreed with the government, but there weren't enough votes from the full court to rehear the case with all of its judges. In his vote to rehear the case, Judge Dennis Jacobs noted in his dissent that it doesn't matter where the data is stored, as Microsoft can retrieve it to honor the US-based warrant. "But electronic data are not stored on disks in the way that books are stored on shelves or files in cabinets," he wrote, in a dissent joined by three other judges. Dozens of organizations and companies have lodged briefs in the case on behalf of Microsoft.

They include the US Chamber of Commerce, Amazon, Apple, Cisco, CNN, Fox News Network, Gannett, and Verizon. Microsoft did not immediately comment on the ruling.

But right after the July ruling, Microsoft's president and chief legal officer said the outcome "provides a major victory for the protection of people’s privacy rights under their own laws rather than the reach of foreign governments.
It makes clear that the US Congress did not give the US government the authority to use search warrants unilaterally to reach beyond US borders."

Donald Trump takes oath of office—what to expect from an unexpected...

Enlarge / Donald Trump takes the oath of office Friday, becoming the 45th president of the United States.reader comments 330 Share this story Donald J. Trump won the US presidency in November on a campaign that repudiated both his opponent and the Obama administration. Today he took the oath of office and became the nation's 45th president—despite the political pundits and polls predicting victory for his Democratic rival, Hillary Clinton. The Republican's ascendancy from billionaire real estate mogul to the world's most powerful elected official promises to usher in a new era, one that includes a remaking of the Supreme Court and alterations of US policy when it comes to space, broadband, healthcare, manufacturing, immigration, cyber defense, the environment, and even foreign relations (from diplomacy to the reliance on foreign labor enjoyed by companies like Apple). All of these potential changes only seem more imminent due to the fact that the newly inaugurated Trump, and his Vice President Mike Pence, enjoy a GOP-controlled House and Senate. "The time for empty talk is over. Now arrives the hour of action," Trump said after he was sworn in by Chief Justice John Roberts. Moments later, Trump added: "We stand at the birth of a new millennium, ready to unlock the mysteries of space, to free the earth from the miseries of disease, and to harness the energies, industries and technologies of tomorrow. A new national pride will stir ourselves, lift our sights and heal our divisions." Space: The final frontier As president-elect, Trump already named several key posts in his administration. But one pick that is still to come has star-gazers sitting uneasy—we don't currently know who will lead NASA and replace Charles Bolden. Clearly, this leaves NASA in an uncertain orbit, especially insofar as its human spaceflight programs go. And thus far, there have been no clearly announced NASA policies concerning what comes next from either President Trump or his space transition team. To be sure, many of NASA's human spaceflight initiatives face serious questions. As Trump's presidency begins, recurring issues with the Russian Soyuz launch vehicle have left the agency unable to say when its next astronaut will go into space. Its much-anticipated private space taxis remain more than a year from flight. And questions remain about the viability of its big-ticket programs, the Space Launch System rocket and Orion spacecraft. All that said, there is currently a leading choice to become NASA administrator, Republican Congressman Jim Bridenstine of Oklahoma. Bridenstine has been a proponent for the privatization of satellite data and, if appointed, is likely to favor private solutions for NASA spaceflight operations. The death of net neutrality Enlarge / Warning: Data transfer in progress. Yuri_Arcurs/Getty Images While the future of the nation's space exploration remains at a crossroads, it's clear that change is even more afoot for US broadband policy. Internet Service Providers are already chomping at the bit to undo Web browsing privacy rules adopted in October by the Federal Communications Commission, which under Trump's rule will shift from being controlled by Democrats to Republicans. Seizing on Trump's victory November 8, Republicans in Congress asked the FCC to halt any controversial rulemakings until after the inauguration and warned that any action taken in the final hours of the administration could be overturned. All the while, the Trump transition team has reportedly been pushing a plan to strip the FCC of its role in overseeing competition and consumer protection. What's more, as FCC chief Tom Wheeler steps down today, the FCC enjoys a GOP majority that has promised to gut net neutrality rules "as soon as possible," a move that's backed by many ISPs. And Trump's rumored pick to head the FCC and replace the departing Wheeler, Republican Ajit Pai, says net neutrality's "days are numbered." At stake is a net neutrality order the FCC adopted in 2015 prohibiting ISPs from blocking or throttling traffic or giving priority to Web services in exchange for payment. The order also set up a complaint process to prevent "unjust" or "unreasonable" pricing and practices. The threat of complaints to the FCC helped put an end to several disputes between ISPs and other network operators over network interconnection payments, which improved Internet service quality for many subscribers. Obamacare on life support Make no mistake, the Trump administration and GOP lawmakers intend to gut the Affordable Care Act, Obama's centerpiece legislation also referred to as Obamacare. Trump's pick for health secretary, six-term GOP Rep. Tom Price, has already used a scalpel and carved out some of the most detailed plans to repeal and replace the ACA—among several plans being floated by Republicans. Trump has repeatedly said, pre- and post-election, that he wants to gut Obamacare, which Obama signed in 2010. An estimated 20 million people gained health insurance under the Affordable Care Act. According to the Congressional Budget Office, as many as 18 million people would lose coverage alongside premiums rising by up to 25 percent under Price's proposed repeal legislation. Hospitals maintain that Price's plan could cost them $165 billion and unleash an "unprecedented public health crisis." Again, that's just Price's proposal. As far as official replacement legislation, the Trump administration has yet to publicly embrace or propose a plan, despite saying that the Republicans have one. The GOP's mystery plan is advertised to cover more people than the ACA while improving care and lowering costs. However, Democrats and healthcare experts are skeptical, and Americans nationwide are anxious about the fate of their coverage. For now, no matter which proposed Republican plan is examined, the result would be Americans losing coverage. Nevertheless, Republicans have already begun legislative proceedings to dismantle the ACA. Elsewhere under Price's leadership, federal funding for Planned Parenthood is likely to go by the wayside. Planned Parenthood, one of the nation's leading providers of women's healthcare and the largest provider of sex education, has long been a target of the GOP because Planned Parenthood provides abortions. (The organization is the nation's leading provider of abortions.) Legislation backed by Price in 2015 and approved by the House and Senate had defunded Planned Parenthood, but it was vetoed by President Obama. A 1976 law bans federal funds to pay for abortions. Abortions, however, make up only about three percent of Planned Parenthood's work, with the rest focusing on women's health issues. The organization runs more than 650 health centers around the country, serving around 2.5 million patients a year. And it depends on federal funding for many of those health initiatives. In 2014, for example, federal lawmakers gave Planned Parenthood roughly $553 million—about 43 percent of its overall funding. However, in terms of increasing access to healthcare, Trump has promised prescription drug prices are in his crosshairs. "I'm going to cut down on drug prices," he told Time, a statement that has Big Pharma and its Wall Street backers on edge. But even Trump's drug policies aren't without controversy. The new president has repeated the debunked suggestion that vaccines can induce autism. Taking a bite out of Apple, automakers Enlarge / NEW YORK, NY - December 14: (L to R) Donald Trump, Peter Thiel and Tim Cook, chief executive officer of Apple, Inc., listen during a meeting with technology executives at Trump Tower last month. Drew Angerer/Getty Images One of Trump's key election and post-election points has been jobs, specifically the idea that US companies must stop outsourcing and bring manufacturing jobs home. A year ago, Trump proclaimed in a speech at Liberty University that he would "get Apple to start building their damn computers and things in this country, instead of in other countries." But Apple's business model is based on cheap, foreign manufacturing labor in China. So whether Apple will face any consequences for not adding manufacturing jobs to US roles is anybody's guess. The company has previously squared off with Trump—roughly one year ago during the San Bernardino iPhone controversy. Then-candidate Trump urged a boycott of Apple products until Cupertino complied with a court order requiring the company to assist authorities in unlocking an iPhone used by one of the two killers involved in a San Bernardino mass shooting. But Apple held its ground and fought the order, before watching as the FBI dropped the case without courts compelling Apple to assist. (The FBI was ultimately able to unlock the phone with the assistance of Cellebrite, an Israeli forensics firm.) Another major target of Trump's jobs rhetoric has been the auto industry. And whether it's been attributed to Trump's words, actions—or not to Trump at all—carmakers have been aligning with Trump. This month, after Trump attacked General Motors on Twitter, GM said it would bring back thousands of outsourced information technology jobs in addition to investing $1 billion at several US-based manufacturing plants. GM said the plan has been in the works for some time, but Trump was quick to claim influence. GM was actually the second big automaker with jobs news in January. Earlier, Ford said it would invest $700 million in a Michigan plant to build more electric cars instead of making vehicles in Mexico. Ford chief Mark Fields said the move, among other things, was a "vote of confidence" in the "positive business climate" created by the incoming Trump administration. Even with GM and Ford pledging actions that align with Trump's views, Trump doesn't appear done. Just days ago, he insinuated that he'd heap big tariffs on carmakers and "others" for manufacturing overseas. "Car companies and others, if they want to do business in our country, have to start making things here again. WIN!" Trump tweeted. Up against the wall Enlarge Toksave One way to protect American jobs, apparently, is to build that infamous wall to seal the southern US border from Mexico. It was a part of Trump's campaign, and he has continued to repeat the sentiment. There's been plenty of talk about a wall post-November, including whether it would work and who would pay for it. In actuality, the wall is just a very visible portion of the Trump administration's overall approach to immigration. There's another plan already afoot by a bipartisan group of lawmakers that could have a even greater—and quicker—impact. It's a proposal about building a different sort of barrier, one altering the H-1B visa program that allows many foreign workers to fill US tech-sector jobs. Trump has told tech executives he wants to alter the H-1B program. And one newly proposed plan would make it substantially less attractive to use H-1B workers to replace American candidates. The "Protect and Grow American Jobs Act," introduced last week by Rep. Darrell Issa (R-Calif.) and Scott Peters (D-Calif.), would increase the wages of workers who get H-1B visas. If the bill becomes law, the minimum wage paid to H-1B workers would rise to at least $100,000 annually—up from $60,000. If that measure doesn't sound extreme, consider that a senior Trump official is mulling whether the US should sell visas to the highest bidder. National defense and the cyber strategy When Trump talks, Wall Street and the defense industry listen. Boeing's shares took a beating after Trump tweeted on December 6 that "Boeing's costs are out of control" when it comes to the company's promised new 747 Air Force One ("Cancel order!" Trump continued). As a result, just days ago, Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg said he and Trump have "made some great progress" in reducing the cost. Enlarge What's more, Trump dropped a separate Twitter bomb last month on Lockheed Martin, writing, "Based on the tremendous cost and cost overruns of the Lockheed Martin F-35, I have asked Boeing to price-out a comparable F-18 Super Hornet!" Lockheed's stock also went south in the aftermath. And last week, Lockheed CEO Marillyn Hewson, said she was close to striking a deal with Trump to get the fighter jets at "the lowest possible price." As far as national defense goes, Trump is demanding more muscle in both the virtual and physical world. He wants more troops, ships, and planes. He also wants the expansion of the US nuclear and ballistic missile arsenal and the end of defense budget sequestration. That's in stark contrast to Obama, who cut troops and requested defense spending that was less than what was spent during the Reagan administration. In addition to the physical force, Trump has pledged a new focus on offensive "cyber" capabilities "to deter attacks by both state and non-state actors and, if necessary, to respond appropriately." Trump even named former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani as his so-called "cyber czar." “As a deterrent against attacks on our critical resources, the United States must possess the unquestioned capacity to launch crippling cyber counter-attacks,” Trump said in a speech in October. "This is the warfare of the future. America's dominance in this arena must be unquestioned." Sean Gallagher, Ars' military analyst, wrote Wednesday: That sort of aggressive posture is not a surprise. But the policies that will drive the use of those physical and digital forces are still a bit murky. Considering the position Trump has taken regarding the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and his attitudes toward Russia, Trump's statements may hint at a desire for a Fortress America—armed to the teeth and going it alone in every domain of conflict. What climate change? Matt Hintsa In December, Trump told Fox News Sunday host Chris Wallace that he was "open-minded" about climate change. "And nobody really knows. It's not something that's so hard and fast," Trump said. Of course, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has concluded, with 95 percent statistical confidence, that "human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century.” Yet Trump has said that the climate consensus generated by the international scientific community is little more than a plot by the Chinese to hamper other economies. Trump's thinking has likely spurred him to pick fossil-fuel-friendly Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt to lead the Environmental Protection Agency. In 2013, Pruitt testified (PDF) before the House Energy and Commerce Committee that he felt the EPA was overstepping its authority in pursuit of an “anti-fossil fuel agenda.” What's more, Pruitt unsuccessfully pursued legal challenges against an EPA decision forcing Oklahoma to comply with stricter haze pollution standards to two coal power plants, cross-state pollution rules, standards for mercury emissions, the 2015 clarification of water bodies covered by the Clean Water Act, and the Obama administration’s Clean Power Plan to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Pruitt also filed a lawsuit against the Department of the Interior and the Fish and Wildlife Service alleging collusion with environmental groups who had themselves sued to force protection of endangered species. With that, lawmakers have seized on Trump's pro-business and not-so-friendly environmental picks to oversee key government agencies. Rep. Rob Bishop, (R-Utah), who is the chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee, said he "would love to invalidate" the Endangered Species Act if he could muster enough support. Republican lawmakers have complained that the law has been used to improperly stymie drilling, mining, and land development. And while the EPA just increased auto fuel efficiency goals, they, too, could be overturned by a willing president and Congress. Trump has also tapped Rep. Ryan Zinke, a Republican of Montana and a staunch coal supporter, to run the Department of the Interior. Zinke has repeatedly targeted decisions by the Obama administration to regulate or limit fossil fuel production on federal lands. He opposed the temporary moratorium on new coal leases as well as regulations meant to reduce methane emissions from oil and gas wells. And speaking of fossil fuels, Trump has nominated former Exxon Mobil chairman Rex Tillerson to be the nation's secretary of state. Texas Gov. Rick Perry has been named to head the Department of Energy, which sets energy policy and runs an array of national laboratories. Though the Department of Energy performs some vital functions—like overseeing the nation’s nuclear weapons and managing aspects of nuclear energy technology including the handling of waste—Perry infamously once called for its demise. (During his appointment hearing this week, Perry quickly walked that stance back: "In fact, after being briefed on so many of the vital functions of the Department of Energy, I regret recommending its elimination.") As Ars science writer Scott K. Johnson wrote of Perry: After confirmation by the Senate, Perry will oversee an expected effort to reduce funding for research and development of renewable energy technology in favor of fossil fuels. Perry sits on the board of Energy Transfer Partners, a pipeline company whose subsidiary is behind the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline. Perry has repeatedly rejected the conclusions of climate science over the years, even claiming that scientists have manipulated data to create the appearance of warming. But while he was friendly to Texas’ petroleum industry, he also oversaw a boom in wind energy in his state. Texas produces more wind energy than any other state, with farmers and ranchers taking advantage of wind turbine leases to add another source of income. Oyez! Oyez! Oyez! Normally, when that phrase is chanted, nine justices of the US Supreme Court have just taken their seats at 10am to begin a day's session of oral arguments. But for nearly a year now, only eight justices have taken the bench. Justice Antonin Scalia died in February, and political infighting blocked Obama's proposed replacement Merrick Garland, setting the stage for Trump to make a pick once he takes office. Trump has said he wants Scalia's replacement to be like the conservative, originalist Scalia. Trump, who is interviewing candidates, said he will announce a pick within two weeks of Inauguration Day. Trump released a list of 21 potential conservative nominees during the campaign. Legal commenter Jeffrey Rosen notes that Trump could have more than one pick: It's possible, of course, that President Trump will have more than one Supreme Court appointment. If liberal Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg (age 83) or Stephen Breyer (age 78) were to retire during the next four years, we would see a 6-3 conservative majority for the first time since the pre-New Deal era, which ended in 1937. Such a court could have far more dramatic effects than a 5-4 court on constitutional law across a range of areas, for years or even decades to come. More uncertainty to come The policy areas mentioned above only begin to tell the story of potential change under a Trump presidency. Many other areas of US life could be in for radical policy shifts as well. For example, Trump's nominee for attorney general, Sen. Jeff Sessions, a Republican from Alabama, has opposed legalized marijuana. This has the pro-marijuana community on edge—specifically wondering if Sessions would turn a blind eye to the states' experiments with medical and recreational marijuana, as President Obama's administration has done. Marijuana is illegal under federal law and is classified as a controlled substance, which also creates complications for the scientific community hoping to illuminate the substance's effects. During his confirmation hearings, Sessions said that he "won't commit to never enforcing federal law." So far, eight states have voted to legalize the recreational use of marijuana, and 28 states and the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana. Trump's views on this particular issue have waffled. In 1990, he said that he favored legalization of all drugs. Years later in 2015, he was quoted in The Washington Post as saying, "In terms of marijuana and legalization, I think that should be a state issue, state-by-state." But he told The O'Reilly Factor last February that "dealers" were going to "load up" on marijuana and sell it around the country if marijuana was legalized in Colorado. He told O'Reilly that he favored medical marijuana but not the recreational use of it. US foreign policy currently stands on equally uncertain grounds. In addition to the wall bordering Mexico, Trump's pick to head the Central Intelligence Agency, Rep. Mike Pompeo, a Republican from Kansas, has also been making headlines. He agrees with Trump in wanting to roll back the Iran nuclear deal that lifted international sanctions against Iran in exchange for that country reducing its uranium stockpiles and centrifuges—which could be used as part of Iran's nuclear ambitions. What's more, Pompeo last year urged a "death sentence" for National Security Agency whistleblower Edward Snowden, who is currently living in Russia. All the while, privacy advocates worry that Trump will exploit surveillance capabilities utilized by the Justice Department, Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the NSA. Enlightened by the Snowden leaks during the Obama presidency, the world at large gained more insight than it ever had about government monitoring of everyday electronic communications. President Obama took advantage of these capabilities, and now privacy advocates worry that Trump might use these vast surveillance powers to punish critics stateside and, like Obama, ignore constitutional rights along the way. Beyond Trump's appointees, others in his administration could make waves, too. First Lady Melania Trump is already on-record as saying that cyberbullying will be her cause. Former First Lady Michelle Obama's main causes were childhood obesity and the promotion of exercise. Vice President Pence will likely influence things as well. Notably, Pence was close to a group of House Republicans who mostly opposed patent reform, and he has infamously campaigned on pro-life platforms. Though Trump has in the past stated that he’s “very pro-choice,” he said during this election that women should be punished for having an abortion. Pence has a consistent record of limiting access to abortion and of restricting women’s healthcare during his time as the governor of Indiana. Whether Trump's rhetoric, tweeting, and appointments thus far add up to gloom and doom or a bonanza likely depends on one's own political beliefs. But up until now, all of this was largely rhetoric under Trump the Candidate and Trump the President-elect. Today is Day One of the nation's 45th presidency, and with it comes a mountain of the unknown. Only one thing seems certain: change of some kind is on the way under President Donald J. Trump.

Giuliani announces he’ll be Trump’s czar for the cyber thing

Rudy Giuliani explains the cyber.Fox & Friends, Fox News reader comments 164 Share this story On Fox News' morning show Fox & Friends, former mayor (and frequent proxy for Donald Trump) Rudy Giuliani announced that he would be coordinating a cybersecurity advisory group for the Trump administration. Giuliani's bona fides for this role apparently spring from his time as chair of the "Cybersecurity, Privacy and Crisis Management Practice" at the New York law firm Greenberg Traurig, a position he assumed a year ago. However, it's not clear that Giuliani has ever had any direct experience in cybersecurity law or policy.

Giuliani previously was a partner in a Houston-based international law firm Bracewell (formerly Bracewell & Giuliani) for over 10 years, and he ran his own security consulting firm based on his mayoral experience and credibility from New York City's measures taken after the September 11, 2001 terror attack.

But Giuliani is really counting on private industry to provide all the answers. "The President-elect decided that he wanted to bring in on a regular basis the private sector—the corporate leaders in particular and thought leaders in particular for cyber, because we're so far behind," said Giuliani. "And it's his belief which I share, that a lot of the solutions are out there, we're just not sharing them.
IT's like cancer—there's cancer research going on all over the place. You'd almost wish they'd all get together in one room, and maybe they'd find a cure." Giuliani said he believes that industry will have to lead an answer to cybersecurity rather than government. "That's where we have the great creativity and we have the huge amount of money, and that's where we have these great companies, the greatest in the world," Giuliani said this morning. "So the idea here is to bring together corporate leaders and their technological people.

The president will meet with them on an ongoing basis, as well as anyone else in the administration… I'll coordinate the whole thing." The goal appears to be a one-way flow of information from industry to the government. "Number one, it'll give the government all the information available in the private sector," Giuliani explained. "Number two, it'll form a little more connection between these people who are doing cybersecurity so they can work with each other.
Some of these people, you put one and two together, you're going to come up with six." Much of the private sector already shares information with each other, so it's not really clear what benefit other than presidential face time corporate executives and "technological people" will get out of this proposed arrangement.

The financial industry, for example, has the Financial Services Information Sharing and Analysis Center; the auto, aviation, telecommunications, health, retail, and transportation industries, among others, all have their own organizations as well. Previously, there have been efforts, including the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act of 2015, to encourage an exchange of information between government and industry.

And the Obama administration made attempts to foster other industries to form information sharing and analysis organizations (ISAOs) through the Department of Homeland Security's National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center.

That administration also encouraged information sharing standards. It's not clear what roles any ISAOs will have in this new cybersecurity body, or even who the "thought leaders" Giuliani wants to participate will be.

But Giuliani apparently wants to include foreign cybersecurity firms, including some from Israel. "They have tremendous cyberdefense research," he said this morning. "We don't get access to that over here."

Author of anti-net neutrality “Internet Freedom Act” gains leadership position

Enlarge / US Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn.) delivers a speech at the Republican National Convention on July 21, 2016 in Cleveland, Ohio.Getty Images | Alex Wong reader comments 178 Share this story Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn.), who has tried to overturn net neutrality rules and help states impose limits on municipal broadband, will be the new chairperson of a Congressional telecommunications subcommittee. Blackburn will chair the House Energy and Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, committee leadership announced yesterday. She'll take over from Rep. Greg Walden (R-Ore.), another frequent critic of the Federal Communications Commission who was recently selected by fellow Republicans to become chair of the full Energy and Commerce Committee. Blackburn has consistently tried to unravel FCC attempts to regulate broadband providers. In 2015, she filed legislation titled the "Internet Freedom Act" to overturn the Federal Communications Commission's then-new network neutrality rules that prohibit blocking, throttling, and paid prioritization. The net neutrality rules still remain in effect, but Republicans are expected to attack the rules again under President-elect Donald Trump. Blackburn has claimed that the FCC's net neutrality order is an attempt to "set all the rates" that broadband providers charge for Internet service, even though the FCC hasn't tried to do that and FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler said he had no intention of doing so. Blackburn has also worked to preserve laws in about 20 states that make it difficult for cities and towns to offer their own broadband Internet services. She filed legislation to prevent the FCC from preempting such state laws, saying, "I strongly believe in states' rights." After the FCC went ahead with the proposal anyway, saying it was necessary to improve broadband connectivity in areas with little competition, Blackburn filed another bill to overturn the FCC decision. She wasn't able to get legislation passed, but that FCC decision ended up being overturned in court. In July 2016, Blackburn submitted a proposal to prevent the FCC from imposing new consumer privacy rules that must be followed by ISPs. The FCC voted to impose the rules in October. Blackburn also argued against a Wheeler attempt to save customers money on cable TV set-top box rental fees, which was dropped after a big industry lobbying effort. The FCC majority will shift to Republicans after Trump becomes president later this month. While Republican Commissioner Ajit Pai could be named interim chair, there's no word on who Trump will select to lead the commission on a long-term basis. On Tuesday, New York magazine reported that Trump has asked News Corp. CEO and Acting Fox News CEO Rupert Murdoch to submit suggestions for potential FCC chair nominees.

Trump team now says request for Energy Dept. staffers’ names “not...

reader comments 14 Share this story On Wednesday, a spokesman for President-Elect Trump’s transition team told Reuters that the team would not be seeking the names of Department of Energy (DOE) employees who had attended meetings and conferences on climate change. "The questionnaire was not authorized or part of our standard protocol," Trump spokesman Sean Spicer told the news outlet. "The person who sent it has been properly counseled." Spicer apparently declined to comment any further. The controversial questionnaire was sent to the Department of Energy last Friday, and included dozens of questions about the legal, financial, and organizational structures within the DOE. While the majority of the questions were straightforward, several questions stood out as highly unusual for any administration’s transition team to ask. Specifically, Trump’s team demanded names of individual employees that attended conferences on the social cost of carbon as well as names of employees that attended any Conference of the Parties hosted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.The request worried staffers—some of whom are long-time civil servants who have worked at the department under Obama, Bush, and Clinton administrations—that they would be targeted by the new administration, which has been overt about its baseless disdain for decades of solid climate science. On Monday, DOE officials e-mailed staffers saying that no such list of individual employees would be turned over to the Trump Administration transition team. “We are going to respect the professional and scientific integrity and independence of our employees at our labs and across our department,” the e-mail said. Trump has falsely said that climate change is a hoax created by the Chinese, and as recently as this Sunday attempted to dispute climate science on Fox News. He has nominated former Texas senator Rick Perry to replace nuclear physicist Ernest Moniz as head of the DOE.

Politics bog down US response to election hacks

U.S. efforts to get to the bottom about Russia’s role in hacking this year’s presidential election may very well end up mired in politics, hampering any response. On Monday, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Kentucky Republican, was the latest U.S. lawmaker to call for an investigation into Russia’s possible involvement. “This simply cannot be a partisan issue,” he said during a press conference. A growing number of lawmakers, in addition to U.S. intelligence agencies, also assert that Russia was behind the high-profile hacks that were intended to influence this year’s election.

Among the targets were Democratic groups and figures whose emails were stolen and later leaked online. However, any investigation into the matter will probably receive little to no support from incoming President Donald Trump, who’s remained skeptical of the hacking allegations. He’s been particularly dismissive of a new claim from the CIA that the Russian government interfered to help Trump win the election. “I think it’s ridiculous,” Trump said in an interview aired on Fox News Sunday. “I think it’s just another excuse.
I don’t believe it.” In the interview, Trump went on to allege that rival Democrats are compelling U.S. intelligence groups to claim that Russia meddled in the election. He plans on introducing new leadership to run those intelligence agencies. The resistance from Trump isn’t a surprise.

During the campaign trail, he also voiced doubts about Russia’s involvement in the hacks, claiming that China or a “400-pound” hacker may have been the true culprit. But Trump’s insistence on dismissing the hacking claims, despite U.S. intelligence findings, has less to do with cybersecurity, and everything to do with politics, said John Bambenek, a malware researcher at Fidelis Cybersecurity. Critics of the incoming president are now using claims of Russian interference in the election to discredit Trump’s election win, he said. “The debate isn’t about whether Russia hacked the elections, it’s about whether Trump is a legitimate president or not,” Bambenek said. His company, Fidelis Cybersecurity, was among those that investigated the hack of the Democratic National Committee, one of several breaches during the presidential race blamed on Russia.

All the evidence found, including the malware and tactics used, pointed to the involvement of two hacking teams, known as Fancy Bear and Cozy Bear, believed to have ties with the Russian government. However, partisan politics is overshadowing the debate on Russia’s involvement, Bambenek said.
Several news articles published this past weekend, suggesting that the CIA and the FBI disagree on Russia’s role in the hacking, has only muddled the affair. “We are well outside the realm of intelligence,” Bambenek said. “Even if the truth was known, would anyone believe it?” However, before Trump takes office, President Barack Obama has ordered U.S. intelligence agencies to produce a report reviewing Russia’s alleged involvement in the election hacks.

The Obama administration intends to make parts of that report public. On Monday, McConnell declined to say whether he believed Russia was behind any U.S. election hacks.

But, he added, “the Russians are not our friends.” Other lawmakers, both Democrats and Republicans, have also called for an investigation to look into U.S. election tampering.

But the continued skepticism from Trump makes it unclear if his administration intends to take any retaliatory action against Russia. “Unless you catch ‘hackers’ in the act, it is very hard to determine who was doing the hacking,” Trump tweeted on Monday.

CIA: Russia hacked election. Trump: I don’t believe it! FAKE NEWS!

US senators demand top probe before Electoral College vote President-elect Donald Trump has dismissed a report by the CIA claiming that there is proof that Russian government hackers smoothed his route to the White House. On Friday, representatives from the CIA told US Congress that it had evidence that the Russians had hacked the servers of both the Democrats and Republicans, but had only released data from the former in order to help Trump win the election.
Senators on both sides of the political spectrum immediately called for an inquiry. "Recent reports of Russian interference in our election should alarm every American," said Senators John McCain (R‑AZ), Lindsey Graham (R‑SC), Charles Schumer (D‑NY), and Jack Reed (D‑RI). "This cannot become a partisan issue.

The stakes are too high for our country. We are committed to working in this bipartisan manner, and we will seek to unify our colleagues around the goal of investigating and stopping the grave threats that cyberattacks conducted by foreign governments pose to our national security." But in an interview Sunday on Fox News, Trump dismissed the CIA's report as ridiculous and said that any hacking could be by Russia, China, or just someone doing this in their basement. "They have no idea," he said, taking to Twitter later on the topic. Can you imagine if the election results were the opposite and WE tried to play the Russia/CIA card.
It would be called conspiracy theory! — Donald J.

Trump (@realDonaldTrump) December 12, 2016 Unless you catch "hackers" in the act, it is very hard to determine who was doing the hacking. Why wasn't this brought up before election? — Donald J.

Trump (@realDonaldTrump) December 12, 2016 To muddy the waters further, senior FBI officials reportedly told a closed session of the House Intelligence Committee that the CIA's claims are "direct and bald and unqualified." They said that although Russia had interfered on one side of the election, it wasn't clear what its intentions were. Meanwhile, members of the Electoral College, which meets on December 19 to vote and confirm Trump into office, have asked for an intelligence briefing on the matter before they vote.

The College, made up of 538 members, could – in theory – change the course of the election by refusing to elect Trump. On Friday, President Obama added his voice to calls for an investigation, saying the facts need to be ascertained and protections put in place to avoid this sort of kerfuffle happening again. However, Craig Murray, the UK's former man in Uzbekistan and WikiLeaks insider, says that the hacking claims are wrong.

The Democratic emails didn't come from hacking, but from an individual in the campaign who leaked the data to WikiLeaks. "The worst thing about all this is that it is aimed at promoting further conflict with Russia," Murray said. "This puts everyone in danger for the sake of more profits for the arms and security industries – including of course bigger budgets for the CIA.

As thankfully the four-year agony of Aleppo comes swiftly to a close today, the Saudi and US armed and trained ISIS forces counter by moving to retake Palmyra.

This game kills people, on a massive scale, and goes on and on." ® Sponsored: Next gen cybersecurity.
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Trump says CIA report that Russia helped his electoral win is...

Enlarge / US President-elect Donald Trump speaks during the USA Thank You Tour December 9, 2016 in Grand Rapids, Michigan.Don Emmert / Getty Images News reader comments 145 Share this story President-elect Donald Trump has continued to flaunt reported assessments by the CIA that the Russian government specifically helped his campaign win the presidential election, calling them "ridiculous." One of Trump’s top advisors, Kellyanne Conway, also dubbed them "laughable and ridiculous" on CBS’s "Face the Nation" on Sunday. On Friday evening, The Washington Post reported that the CIA has "concluded in a secret assessment that Russia intervened in the 2016 election to help Donald Trump win the presidency, rather than just to undermine confidence in the US electoral system, according to officials briefed on the matter." Shortly after the Post published, the Presidential Transition Team sent out a statement to Ars and other media on Friday at 9:35pm ET, essentially mocking the intelligence community: These are the same people that said Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction. The election ended a long time ago in one of the biggest Electoral College victories in history. It’s now time to move on and "Make America Great Again." On Saturday, The New York Times quoted Gen. Michael Hayden, the former director of the National Security Agency and the CIA under President George W. Bush, as expressing shock that Trump would so wantonly dismiss the opinion of the intelligence community. "To have the president-elect of the United States simply reject the fact-based narrative that the intelligence community puts together because it conflicts with his a priori assumptions—wow," he said. In October 2016, just a month before the election, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the Department of Homeland Security publicly said that Russian-led "thefts and disclosures are intended to interfere with the US election process." Check the record book On Fox News Sunday, Trump made his "ridiculous" remark, calling the report "just another excuse." "I don’t believe it," he said. "I don’t know why—and, I think it’s—they talked about all sorts of things. Every week it’s another excuse. We had a massive landslide victory, as you know, in the electoral college. I guess the final numbers are down to 306 and she was at a very low number." Trump did not win the electoral college by a "landslide." Electoral records show that his margin of victory in the electoral college was 46th out of 56 elections. "If you look at the story and you take a look at what they said, 'there’s great confusion, nobody really knows,'" Trump continued. "And hacking is very interesting. Once they hack, if you don’t catch them in the act, you’re not going to catch them. They have no idea if it’s Russia or China, or somebody. It could be somebody sitting in a bed someplace. They have no idea." During the same interview, Trump also reportedly said that as president he would not receive the top-secret President’s Daily Briefing. Currently, the president-elect is reportedly only receiving it once a week. Trump continued in his interview with Fox News Sunday that Vice President-elect Mike Pence, would receive the PDB in his place, largely because Trump finds it too repetitive. "You know, I’m, like, a smart person," he said. "I don’t have to be told the same thing in the same words every single day for the next eight years." "Now, there will be times where it might change," he said in the interview with Fox News Sunday host Chris Wallace. "I mean, there will be some very fluid situations. I'll be there not every day, but more than that. But I don't need to be told, Chris, the same thing every day, every morning — same words. 'Sir, nothing has changed. Let's go over it again.' I don't need that." Sound the alarm Also on Sunday, a bipartisan group of four senators, including Sen. John McCain (R-Arizona), the chair of the Senate’s Armed Services Committee, released a joint statement saying that "reports of Russian interference in our election should alarm every American." The statement continued: Congress’s national security committees have worked diligently to address the complex challenge of cybersecurity, but recent events show that more must be done. While protecting classified material, we have an obligation to inform the public about recent cyberattacks that have cut to the heart of our free society. Democrats and Republicans must work together, and across the jurisdictional lines of the Congress, to examine these recent incidents thoroughly and devise comprehensive solutions to deter and defend against further cyberattacks. This cannot become a partisan issue. The stakes are too high for our country. We are committed to working in this bipartisan manner, and we will seek to unify our colleagues around the goal of investigating and stopping the grave threats that cyberattacks conducted by foreign governments pose to our national security. The press contact listed, Dustin Walker, did not immediately respond to Ars’ request for comment.

App developers not ready for iOS transport security requirements

A month before Apple is expected to enforce stricter security requirements for app communications in iOS, enterprise developers don’t seem ready to embrace them, a new study shows. The study was performed by security firm Appthority on the most common 200 apps installed on iOS devices in enterprise environments.

The researchers looked at how well these apps conform to Apple’s App Transport Security (ATS) requirements. ATS was first introduced and was enabled by default in iOS 9.
It forces all apps to communicate with Internet servers using encrypted HTTPS (HTTP over SSL/TLS) connections and ensures that only industry-standard encryption protocols and ciphers without known weaknesses are used.

For example, SSL version 3 is not allowed and neither is the RC4 stream cipher, due to known vulnerabilities. Before ATS, app developers implemented HTTPS using third-party frameworks, but configuring SSL/TLS properly is hard so implementation errors were common.

These weakened the protection that the protocol is supposed to provide against traffic snooping and other man-in-the-middle attacks. Currently iOS provides a method for apps to opt out of ATS entirely or to use it only for specific connections, but Apple wants to change that.

At its Worldwide Developers’ Conference in June, the company announced that it will require all apps published on the App Store to turn on ATS by the end of this year. The requirement won’t be enforced at the OS level, but through the App Store review process. Using some of the ATS exceptions will still be possible, but developers will have to provide a “reasonable justification” for using them if they want their apps to be approved. During their study, the Appthority researchers found that 97 percent of the analyzed apps—193 out of 200—used exceptions and other settings that weakened the default ATS configuration. “Among the top 200 iOS apps that we analyzed, 166 apps (83 percent) bypass at least some ATS requirements by setting ‘NSAllowsArbitraryLoads’ attribute to ‘true’ in their Info.plist files,” the Appthority researchers said in their report. “However, not all of them bypass ATS requirements for all network connections.

For instance, a company can still support ATS requirements for network connections with its domain, while allowing ATS to bypass all other connections.” Among the apps that didn’t use HTTPS for all of their connections were popular ones like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook Messenger, Skype, Viber, WhatsApp, Fox News, CNN, BBC, Netflix, ESPN, Hulu, Pandora, Amazon Cloud Player, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote, but also utility apps like Flashlight, QR code readers and games. While it could be argued that some connections don’t need HTTPS because they aren’t used to transfer sensitive data, the Appthority researchers found 10 applications that did send device IDs, email addresses, physical addresses, zip codes, geolocation information and even passwords or secret keys over unencrypted HTTP links. There are many reasons why developers can’t turn on ATS for all connections and are likely to request ATS exceptions during the app review process.

For example, many apps don’t talk only to their developers’ servers, but also to third-party advertising, market research, analytics and image or video hosting services.

The use of HTTPS on these external services are out of app developers’ control. ATS provides fine-grained exceptions like “NSAllowsArbitraryLoadsInMedia,” which can, for example, be used to allow the streaming of video or audio content over HTTP, while encrypting all other connections. However, based on Appthority’s analysis, it seems that so far developers have preferred using the more generic “NSAllowsArbitraryLoads” which disables ATS for all connections, when dealing with such problems. The company didn’t find any app that used the “NSAllowsArbitraryLoadsInMedia” or the “NSAllowsArbitraryLoadsInWebContent” attributes to limit the scope of ATS exceptions.
It hopes that Apple’s new requirements will change that. Many apps that do use ATS disable some of its security features.

For example, none of the apps analyzed by Appthority used Certificate Transparency, which is available in ATS. Furthermore, seven of them disabled SSL certificate validation and 46 didn’t use certificate pinning.

Thirty-eight apps disabled Forward Secrecy and eight apps set the allowed TLS protocol version to 1.0 or 1.1, even though the secure default in ATS is TLS 1.2. “We still expect iOS apps with unencrypted data in enterprise environments, even after January 1,” the Appthority researchers said. “When Apple approves such apps for the App Store, there will still be the security risks associated with unencrypted data for some connections, so it’s important for enterprises to have visibility into and management of the risks related to apps with those exceptions.”