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password is a word or string of characters used for user authentication to prove identity or access approval to gain access to a resource (example: an access code is a type of password), which is to be kept secret from those not allowed access.

The use of passwords is known to be ancient. Sentries would challenge those wishing to enter an area or approaching it to supply a password or watchword, and would only allow a person or group to pass if they knew the password. In modern times, user names and passwords are commonly used by people during a log in process that controls access to protected computer operating systems, mobile phones, cable TV decoders, automated teller machines (ATMs), etc. A typical computer user has passwords for many purposes: logging into accounts, retrieving e-mail, accessing applications, databases, networks, web sites, and even reading the morning newspaper online.

Despite the name, there is no need for passwords to be actual words; indeed passwords which are not actual words may be harder to guess, a desirable property. Some passwords are formed from multiple words and may more accurately be called a passphrase. The terms passcode and passkey are sometimes used when the secret information is purely numeric, such as the personal identification number (PIN) commonly used for ATM access. Passwords are generally short enough to be easily memorized and typed.

Most organizations specify a password policy that sets requirements for the composition and usage of passwords, typically dictating minimum length, required categories (e.g. upper and lower case, numbers, and special characters), prohibited elements (e.g. own name, date of birth, address, telephone number). Some governments have national authentication frameworks that define requirements for user authentication to government services, including requirements for passwords.

Developer embeds Chrome password dump tool in official installer to combat pirates.
The malware can remotely steal passwords by logging everything a user types, and more.
No, there's not a new security hole that gives attackers complete control over Linux servers.

But, if you use a poor password, yes, you can still get hacked.
Developer says tool was intended to target one specific cracker.
"Chaos" gives attackers, and follow-on attackers, full control over infected boxes.
Password managers, regular credit checks, credit freezes, device updates, encrypted email are just a few of the measures computer people can use to protect their data and privacy.
Normally $165, and with extra discounts on volume purchases, this tiny dongle promises to simplify password management once and for all.
Attacks include a hard-coded password vulnerability that could give attackers unauthorized access to systems.
In October 2017, we learned of a vulnerability in Telegram Messengerrsquo;s Windows client that was being exploited in the wild.
It involves the use of a classic right-to-left override attack when a user sends files over the messenger service.
The "Not secure" label will go where the padlock would go for an encrypted connection.
Microsoft and Fujitsu team up to enable palm-vein authentication on Windows 10 as part of Windows Hello.
Get patching – there's this auth bypass and loads of other bugs If you're using a Netgear router at home, it's time to get patching.

The networking hardware maker has just released a tsunami of patches for a couple of dozen models of its kit.…