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password is a word or string of characters used for user authentication to prove identity or access approval to gain access to a resource (example: an access code is a type of password), which is to be kept secret from those not allowed access.

The use of passwords is known to be ancient. Sentries would challenge those wishing to enter an area or approaching it to supply a password or watchword, and would only allow a person or group to pass if they knew the password. In modern times, user names and passwords are commonly used by people during a log in process that controls access to protected computer operating systems, mobile phones, cable TV decoders, automated teller machines (ATMs), etc. A typical computer user has passwords for many purposes: logging into accounts, retrieving e-mail, accessing applications, databases, networks, web sites, and even reading the morning newspaper online.

Despite the name, there is no need for passwords to be actual words; indeed passwords which are not actual words may be harder to guess, a desirable property. Some passwords are formed from multiple words and may more accurately be called a passphrase. The terms passcode and passkey are sometimes used when the secret information is purely numeric, such as the personal identification number (PIN) commonly used for ATM access. Passwords are generally short enough to be easily memorized and typed.

Most organizations specify a password policy that sets requirements for the composition and usage of passwords, typically dictating minimum length, required categories (e.g. upper and lower case, numbers, and special characters), prohibited elements (e.g. own name, date of birth, address, telephone number). Some governments have national authentication frameworks that define requirements for user authentication to government services, including requirements for passwords.

Sorry about the hard-coded passwords, can we sell you some crypto now? RSA has copped to a security vulnerability in the mobile app it served to attendees of its annual security conference, held this week in San Francsico.…
RSA Conference attendee contact data extracted using hard-coded API data.
'SquirtDanger' is distributed to users to deploy as they see fit - and attacks have been carried out around the world.
A vulnerability in the role-based resource checking functionality of the Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS) Director could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to view unauthorized information for any virtual machine in the UCS Director end-us...
A vulnerability in the support tunnel feature of Cisco Identity Services Engine (ISE) could allow an authenticated, local attacker to access the device's shell. The vulnerability is due to improper configuration of the support tunnel feature.

An at...
Professionally developed trojan posing as a stress reliever infects 40,000 PCs.
Repeat after The Vultures: don't re-use passwords IKEA's TaskRabbit app and Website, which links buyers with people skilled with Allen key experts and other errand-runners, remain offline a day after the company announced a data breach.…

Leaking ads

We found that because of third-party SDKs many popular apps are exposing user data to the internet, with advertising SDKs usually to blame.

They collect user data so they can show relevant ads, but often fail to protect that data when sending it to their servers.
The hacks steal passwords and clear the way for future attacks, officials warn.
In March 2018, Japanese media reported the hijacking of DNS settings on routers located in Japan, redirecting users to malicious IP addresses.

The redirection led to the installation of Trojanized applications named facebook.apk and chrome.apk that contained Android Trojan-Banker.

During our research we received some invaluable information about the true scale of this attack, we decided to call it ‘Roaming Mantisrsquo;.
And password crackers are getting a lot smarter An analysis of free Android apps has shown that developers are leaving their crypto keys embedded in applications, in some cases because the software developer kits install them by default.…
Set expiration dates and password requirements on your sensitive emails.